Intro to Oil and Gas Industry

To bring a drop of oil down from the earth to the surface a lot of activities have to be carried out starting from the seismic surveys to the final separation process of oil and gas reserves. Thus, it is clear that upstream oil industry offers wide range of jobs for technical and non technical personnel. This article throws light on types of jobs available, basic educational qualification, certifications required and some tips to step into upstream industry.

Jobs in oil industry are very tough, adventurous and challenging in nature and at the same time they are very risky. The jobs offered by this industry are not at all a white collar jobs and even it’s not 9 to 5 jobs. It is important to prepare mentally to take up this challenge.

Typically, these jobs required the following:

  • Traveling to the site either it is onshore or offshore (Helicopter journey is required).
  • On off work pattern (21 or 28 working days followed by same number of days off)
  • 12 Hour shift duty involved.
  • Always risk factor involved working in offshore.
Oil E&P Jobs
Creative Commons Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License  Photo  by  Michael Elleray 


Types of jobs:
This industry offers variety of jobs for technical as well as non technical the following sequence indicates the exploration industry cycle.

Oil and gas jobs table

The above table indicates mere presentation of jobs beside this directly or indirectly there are many number of jobs this industry will provide.

Educational qualification:
For decision makers technical education is must. A degree in engineering either in chemical /mechanical/petroleum while most of the jobs do not require any technical education most of these Exploration and Production (E&P) companies hire people as a roughneck or roustabouts and allow them to grow in the organization.

The jobs in this field are so specific in nature that during recruitment most of the companies focus majorly on certifications rather than the educational qualification. Simply said companies give more importance for certifications compared to education level.
For a person to work in offshore industry they need to posses the following certifications

  • HUET
  • IADC/IWCF (For drillers/OIM/Tool pushers)
  • Fire fighting
  • FIRST AID etc
Safety training oil and gas jobs
Creative Commons Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 2.0 Generic License   Photo by  NASA Johnson 

These are mandatory certifications there are some more skilled jobs where certifications are required like welding, crane operations, boiler operations etc.

Tips to a job in the oil and gas industry:
It’s not so easy to fetch a first job in oil industry without experience even if you are qualified. Most of the top ranking E&P companies don’t hire people at lower level rather they get the work done by contractors. The following tips will be useful in stepping in this industry.

  • Ask an employ of E&P Company to refer you as most of these companies recruit in this manner.
  • Get the certifications under your belt before you apply
  • Prepare your resume in such a way to expose your skills and interest in fetching an offshore job.
  • Keep up to date your resume in job portals like linked in, monster etc
  • Apply in oil and gas job sites like OC99, rig zone etc. or apply for service companies directly in their website.

Upstream industry offers wide range of jobs and it is true to fetch a job as a new beginner most of the times certifications fetch you a job rather than the education level you posses.

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