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Deck construction refers to the process of constructing a structure by which it is able to withstand external pressure and water. It may be done on a sloping ground or at the base of a mountain. The most common types of decks are that made out of concrete or wood. This article will provide a brief overview of the basics of deck construction. I will also explain the various methods of framing your own deck.
Deck construction basically requires four basic components: beams, deck boards, nails and hinges. The four main components are used in all deck construction. One of these is the beam. In case of floating deck construction, the beam is attached to a center post which is usually positioned on one end of the boat. This post is known as a stem or a hub.
The second deck component is the deck board. It is usually added as a separate unit above the first one. A deck construction with stairs can have only one board, but in cases where there is a stairway, two or more boards are placed on the same level. The purpose of this is to create a smooth stairway on which you can walk.
Next, we come across the deck to or ledger board. These are the actual building blocks of the deck construction. They are made from either wood or concrete depending on the type of decking system. The difference between the two is that while wood contains glue for attaching it to the posts and concrete is mixed with water to make it adhere to the post, the latter is much stronger and durable than the former. The main purpose of the ledger board is to act as a counterbalance to the weight of the decking material. Since this is the lowest point where the deck will connect to the decking structure, the board is placed on the ground first before the concrete is mixed with water.
The last but not the least, is the deck construction with the use of screws. Although screws are used extensively for deck construction, they are the weakest link. Therefore, it is best to opt for other means of joining such as nails or bolts to avoid them getting loose and eventually causing damage to the structure.
There are many types of deck construction available for you to choose from. If you have enough money, you may want to go for a sky deck that will provide you with a great view of the city. You may also want to choose from terraces, balconies and bridges to make your place look more attractive. If you are on a tight budget, you can always resort to making do with what you have. For small decks, you can opt for lattice, bamboo or reeds as the basic material. For larger decks, you can make use of aluminum, vinyl or even teak wood.