Fracking is a type of drilling used in the oil and natural gas industry.
The term is short for ‘hydraulic fracturing’. It is not a completely new phenomenon. Fracking has been around for over 50 years but has in recent years been improved.
Fracking is the biggest reason the U.S. has surged ahead of the world in the production of oil and natural gas.
Hydraulic fracturing is the process of injecting a mixture of water, sand and additives at high pressures into a well-pipe thousands of feet beneath the ground. This causes micro fractures which are then held open by the sand.
Why is fracking controversial?
Some are concerned about the additives used in the process and the potentially contaminated ground water that is left behind after the injection of the hydraulic solutions. Those in the industry cite poor execution and sloppy operations for any contaminations, not the process itself. Another possible issue could be the possible correlation between increased fracking and earthquakes. This has been studied and continues to be studied in places like Oklahoma. These concerns are refuted by many inside and outside of the oil and gas industry. Still, the research and observations must continue to ensure the safe extraction of oil and gas.