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OSHA 10

OSHA 10

What is OSHA 10?

The term OSHA 10 refers to the OSHA Ten Hour Training that is part of the OSHA Outreach Training Program.

The OSHA Outreach Training Program is a voluntary program of training provided by OSHA authorized trainers. Its purpose is to promote workplace safety and health. It is a tool that can be used to make workers more knowledgeable about their rights related to workplace safety and health and overall workplace hazards.

There are two options.

Workers can attend the OSHA 10-hour course, which is intended for entry-level workers. There is also an OSHA 30-hour class for supervisors or workers with some safety responsibility.

OSHA specifies a basic outline for what must be taught in an OSHA 10 course. The content varies based on two industry classifications:

  • OSHA 10 Hour General Industry
  • OSHA 10 Hour Construction

The OSHA 10 training does not provide the full training needed to meet the requirements specified in OSHA standards. Employers must provide additional training as specified in the OSHA standards that apply to their workplace.

Some states require OSHA 10 training, so although it is not required by OSHA, OSHA 10 training may still be required in your workplace.

OSHA 10 training promotes a culture of safety through peer training with those who have done the hands-on work, typically OSHA authorized trainers. Training is intended to be participatory, using hands-on activities. Trainers are able to tailor the training topics based on specific needs of their audience. Training is available in languages other than English also. This training can be provided on-site or be completed through online training.

OSHA 10 Training Program Details

10-Hour General Industry – Designated Training Topics.

This training program is intended to provide entry level general industry workers information about their rights, employer responsibilities, and how to file a complaint as well as how to identify, abate, avoid and prevent job related hazards on a job site.

The training covers a variety of general industry safety and health hazards which a worker may encounter. Training should emphasize hazard identification, avoidance, control and prevention, not OSHA standards.

Learning objectives on some of these topics are available for download at the Outreach Training Program website.

Instructional time must be a minimum of 10 hours.

The minimum topic requirements are as follows:

Mandatory – 7 hours

1. Introduction to OSHA – 2 hours.

  • OSHA has required training content for this module.
  • Covers workers’ rights, employer responsibilities and how to file a complaint. It includes helpful worker safety and health resources. It also provides samples of a weekly fatality and 3 catastrophe report, material data safety sheet and the OSHA Log of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses.
  • Materials include an Instructor Guide, PowerPoint slides, student handouts, and participatory activities.

2. Walking and Working Surfaces, including fall protection – 1 hour.

3. Exit Routes, Emergency Action Plans, Fire Prevention Plans, and Fire Protection – 1 hour.

4. Electrical – 1 hour.

5. Personal Protective Equipment – 1 hour.

6. Hazard Communication – 1 hour.

7. Elective – 2 hours. At least two hours of training on the following topics. At least two topics must be presented. The minimum length of any topic is one-half hour.

  • Hazardous Materials
  • Materials Handling
  • Machine Guarding
  • Introduction to Industrial Hygiene
  • Blood borne Pathogens
  • Ergonomics
  • Safety and Health Program
  • Fall Protection

Optional – 1 hour.

Other general industry hazards or policies and/or expand on the mandatory or elective topics. The minimum length of any topic is one-half hour.

10-Hour Construction Industry – Designated Training Topics. 

This training program is intended to provide entry level construction workers information about their rights, employer responsibilities, and how to file a complaint as well as how to identify, abate, avoid and prevent job related hazards on a construction site.

The training covers a variety of construction safety and health hazards which a worker may encounter at a construction site. Training should emphasize hazard identification, avoidance, control and prevention, not OSHA standards.

Learning objectives on some of these topics are available for download at the Outreach Training Program website. Instructional time must be a minimum of 10 hours.

The minimum topic requirements are as follows:

Mandatory – 7 hours

1. Introduction to OSHA – 2 hours.

  • OSHA has required training content for this module – see Introduction to OSHA.
  • Covers workers’ rights, employer responsibilities and how to file a complaint. It includes helpful worker safety and health resources. It also provides a sample weekly fatality and catastrophe report, a material data safety sheet and the OSHA Log of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses (OSHA Form 300).
  • Materials include an Instructor Guide, PowerPoint slides, student handouts, and participatory activities.

2. OSHA Focus Four Hazards – 4 hours.

Because most construction fatalities are caused by fall hazards, falls must be covered for a minimum of one hour and 15 minutes. The other Focus Four Hazards must be covered for a minimum of one-half hour each.

  • Falls (minimum 1 hour and 15 minutes)
  • Electrocution
  • Struck-By (e.g., falling objects, trucks, cranes)
  • Caught-In or Between (e.g., trench hazards, equipment)

Focus Four Hazards Training Requirements

All lessons for the Focus Four Hazards are required to use the following terminal (TO) and enabling (EO) objectives:

Given current OSHA and industry information regarding construction worksite illnesses, injuries, and/or fatalities, the student will be able to recognize [fall, caught-in or between, struck-by, electrocution] hazards in construction.

Specifically for each of the focus four, the student will be able to:

  • Identify major hazards
  • Describe types of hazards
  • Protect him/herself from these hazards
  • Recognize employer requirements to protect workers from these hazards

Because these objectives are the expected student outcomes, trainers:

-May not vary from these objectives when planning the training session; and
-Must follow the participatory training model by applying effective training techniques;
-Must make sure the objectives are measured by testing the student’s achievement

3. Personal Protective and Lifesaving Equipment – 30 minutes

4. Health Hazards in Construction – 30 minutes.

Teaching noise, hazard communication, and crystalline silica or any other construction health hazard.

5. Elective – 2 hours.

At least two hours of training on the following topics. At least two topics to be presented. The minimum length of any topic is one-half hour.

  • Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Elevators, & Conveyors
  • Excavations
  • Materials Handling, Storage, Use and Disposal
  • Scaffolds
  • Stairways and Ladders
  • Tools – Hand and Power

6. Optional – 1 hour.

Teaching other construction industry hazards or policies and/or expand on the mandatory or elective topics. The minimum length of any topic is one-half hour.

Here are some resources for where to find OSHA training both on-line and in person.